Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums, bone and supporting structures of the teeth.
It is most often the result of inadequate oral hygiene, and there are some hereditary factors involved. It may not cause symptoms initially, and can advance without the patient’s knowledge, until detected by a dental professional. As it progresses, it will cause gum and bone damage and if left untreated, possible tooth loss.
In its advanced stages, symptoms include:
• Sore, swollen gums
• Bleeding gums
• Bad breath
• Gum recession
• Loose teeth
• Presence of pus in the gums
There have been studies linking periodontal disease to heart disease, possibly doubling the risk. The bacteria in the gums can make its way to the bloodstream and infect the heart and other vital organs. Other studies have also suggested links to diabetes, osteoporosis and respiratory disease.
If treated early enough, periodontal disease is reversible. At your regular check-up your periodontal
condition will be evaluated and if treatment is needed, a consultation with our on-staff board-certified periodontist will be suggested.